Variables in ChaosPro need to be declared by specifying their name and type. They are represented by the name of the variable. The variable name is case-sensitive.

A valid variable name starts with a letter or underscore, followed by any number of letters, numbers, or underscores. As a regular expression, it would be expressed thus: ‘[a-zA-Z_][a-zA-Z0-9_]*’ ChaosPro icon wink Basics


For our purposes here, a letter is a-z, A-Z.


  real d,D;    d = 3;    D = 4;    z=d*D;        // z will be 12, variable names are case-sensitive!    real 4d;    4d = 3.4;     // invalid; starts with a number    complex _4d;    _4d = 3.4;    // valid; starts with an underscore    real hägen;    hägen = 77;   // invalid; 'ä' (ASCII 228) is not a letter.  

In ChaosPro, variables are always assigned by value. That is to say, when you assign an expression to a variable, the entire value of the original expression is copied into the destination variable. This means, for instance, that after assigning one variable’s value to another, changing one of those variables will have no effect on the other. For more information on this kind of assignment, see the chapter on Expressions.

Another way to assign values to variables is “assign by reference”. This means that the new variable simply references (in other words, “becomes an alias for” or “points to”) the original variable. Changes to the new variable affect the original, and vice versa. ChaosPro does not support this method with variables, but with function parameters:
Each function parameter can be either “by value” or “by reference”, just as you define it. This enables you to return more than one value from a function.